Quality of life in adults with intellectual disabilities and mental health problems

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TítuloQuality of life in adults with intellectual disabilities and mental health problems
Año2022
AutorIzaskun Álvarez-Aguado, Vanessa Vega Córdova, Maryam Farhang, Félix González Carrasco, Felipe Espinosa, Herbert Spencer, Leyre Álvarez
Tipo de PublicaciónArtículo en Revista Académica
RevistaBritish Journal of Learning Disabilities
IndexaciónISI
EditorialWiley
Palabras Claveadults, intellectual disabilities, mental health disorders, quality of life
Área de InvestigaciónForma, Cultura y Tecnología
LíneaFormación y Oficio
URLhttps://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bld.12490
Carreras RelacionadasOtra, Diseño

Background

The number of people with intellectual disabilities and associated mental illness has increased considerably in recent years. This population presents greater obstacles than their peers without mental health problems in accessing education, leisure, and health services. This, conditions their quality of life (QoL) and makes them one of the most vulnerable groups in society.

Method

This study seeks to know the level of QoL of 181 people with intellectual disabilities and mental health problems between the ages of 35 and 75, based on the perceptions of the professionals who work with them in different disability care services in Chile. The data were collected with the FUMAT scale.

Findings

The dimensions of self-determination and personal development obtained the lowest scores. In addition, living in rural settings, receiving regular support, or being a man were associated with a better QoL.

Conclusions

It would be desirable to increase the frequency with which certain supports aimed at the population with intellectual disabilities and mental health problems are provided. Likewise, the exercise of informed and meaningful choices must be encouraged.